The Applied Linguistics Department was established in 1958 within the Institute of Linguistics of the USSR Academy of Sciences when its departments engaged in Russian studies were attached to the newly founded Institute of the Russian Language of the USSR Academy of Sciences. After the reorganization of the Institute of Linguistics, several new departments, including the Applied Linguistics Department, were organized.
Prof. Alexander Reformatsky, who worked in the undivided Institute of Language in the Group of General Linguistics, became the head of the Department. He had to start working with only two junior researchers Igor Melchuk and Revekka Frumkina. Aleksandra Superanskaya, the third junior researcher, was finishing at the time her thesis in Sergey Ozhegov’s Section where she had worked since late 1956. In 1965, Velta Staltmane was transferred to Reformatsky’s Department from the Russian language Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences.
The last person to join the newly born Applied Linguistics Department was Alexander Reformatsky’s post-graduate student Serafima Nikitina – a terminologist, structuralist, and folklorist. Revekka Frumkina’s post-graduate student Alexander Vasilevich also became a member of the Department. Both of them were engaged in probabilistic speech studies, as well as in research of color perception and color designation in different languages and cultures.
Department’s general research topics:
- Methods and tools for automatic text analysis;
- Compiling databases, particularly found on the on-going book series "Jazyki mira" [Languages of the world];
- Perception and generation of various types of text and related methods of explicit representation of text structure and contents;
- The humanities and language studies;
- Cultural and linguistic folklore (formalized) studies.
In 2019–2021, the Department is carrying the research on Linguistic Knowledge Mining and Processing: Topical Applied Approaches, No. 0182-2019-0011 (under the leadership of Head of Applied Linguistics Dept., PhD, Dr. habil. Nadezhda Riabtseva). The project develops in the following main perspectives:
- Institute of Linguistics’ Computer Database "Languages of the world": Topical applied approaches to improving its linguistic and technical support and its further expansion towards a modern linguistic resource for typology and applied research (Aleksandra Evdokimova, Vadim Dyachkov, Elena Makarova, Dmitry Kolomatsky, Anastasia Zotova);
- Topical applied approaches in terminology and onomastics (Natalia Vasileva, Yuliana Gordova);
2.1.Topical applied approaches in terminology and onomastics (Natalia Vasileva);
2.2. Topical applied approaches in processing and representing onomastic and toponymic data as a source of cultural knowledge (Yuliana Gordova);
- Topical applied approaches to studying modern communication processes: Cross-linguistic communication. Multimodal research. Referential choice modeling (Nadezhda Riabtseva, Aleksandra Evdokimova, Dmitry Zalmanov);
3.1. Topical applied approaches to studying modern cross-linguistic communication (Nadezhda Riabtseva);
3.2. Topical applied approaches to studying modern communication. Multimodal studies (Aleksandra Evdokimova);
3.3. Topical applied approaches to studying modern communication processes. Referential choice modeling (Dmitry Zalmanov);
- Topical applied approaches to studying the texts of confessional cultures (Serafima Nikitina).
The results of the on-going research are regularly published. In 2019-2020 the Department published 102 scientific papers.
Besides, the Applied Linguistics Department provides information support to the Institute of Linguistics and to its website, where one can find the latest news, the information about vacancies, the announcements about the presentations of theses, their texts and abstracts, as well as the reviews of them. Moreover, the most interesting materials about linguistics are regularly published on the Institute's accounts on Facebook and Twitter. Finally, the Department also meets the internal needs of other departments and their staff: it sends internal email newsletters, provides those working in the Institute with email and web resources to work on their own projects.
- Reformatsky, Alexander. Vvedenie v jazykovedenie [Introduction to Linguistics]. Moscow, 1998.
- Estestvennye, iskusstvennye jazyki i informacionnye proccessy [Natural and artificial languages and information processes]. Moscow, 1988.
- Scripta Linguisticae Applicatae. Problemy prikladnoj lingvistiki [The problems of applied linguistics]. Moscow, 2001.
- Vasileva, Natalia. Sobstvennoe imja v mire teksta [Proper name in the world of text]. Мoscow, 2005.
- Riabtseva, Nadezhda. Jazyk i estestvennyi intellekt [Language and human intelligence]. Мoscow, 2005 (book description).
- Superanskaya, Aleksandra. Sovremennyj slovar' russkix imёn [Modern dictionary of Russian names]. Moscow, 2005.
- Superanskaya, Aleksandra. Slovar' ličnyx imёn [Dictionary of proper names]. Moscow, 2005.
- Riabtseva, Nadezhda. TRANSLATION STUDIES IN RUSSIA AND BEYOND. PART 1. ANTHOLOGY.
- Riabtseva, Nadezhda. Translation as a professional and creative activity: A metalinguistic perspective // Across Languages and Cultures. Volume 13, No. 1/June 2012. Pp. 1–12
- Yaroslavtseva, Elena; Zotova, Anastasia & Cherkasova, Galina. Information resource: "Komp'juternaja baza danny "Jazyki mira": Formal'no sovpadajuščie klassy javlenij (universalii, frekventalii, raritarii i unikalii) v sem'jax i gruppax jazykov. Romanskie jazyki." [«Computer database "Languages of the world": Formally coinciding classes of phenomena (universals, frequentals, raritaries, and unicals) in language families and groups. Romance languages]. 2008.
- Yaroslavtseva, Elena; Zotova, Anastasia & Cherkasova, Galina. Information resource: "Komp'juternaja baza danny "Jazyki mira": Formal'no sovpadajuščie klassy javlenij (universalii, frekventalii, raritarii i unikalii) v sem'jax i gruppax jazykov. Slavjanskie jazyki." [«Computer database "Languages of the world": Formally coinciding classes of phenomena (universals, frequentals, raritaries, and unicals) in language families and groups. Slavic languages]. 2009.
- Zotova, Anastasia. Report "Lingvotipičeskaja baza dannyx "Jazyki mira": diaxronnye izmenenija v sem'jax i gruppax jazykov (slavjanskie jazyki)" [Linguo-typological database "Languages of the world": diachronic changes in language families and groups (Slavic languages)]. 2011.
- Nikitina, Serafima. Čelovek i socium v narodnyx konfessional'nyx tekstax (leksikografičeskij aspekt) [Man and society in religious texts (the lexicographic aspect)]. Moscow, Sovetskij pisatel', 2009.
- Gordova, Juliana. Toponimičeskij atlas Rjazanskoj oblasti [Toponymic atlas of the Ryazan Region]. Moscow, Nauka, 2015.
The book was awarded the 3rd degree of the IV International Competition of educational, methodical, and scientific literature, published in 2014/2015, "Golden Coryphaeus" in the category "Philological Sciences".
- Cherkasova, Galina. Associativnyj slovar': materialy pilotažnogo issledovanija v respublike Komi i Tatarstane na russkom jazyke v 2015 g. [Associative dictionary: materials of the pilot study in the Republic of Komi and Tatarstan in Russian in 2015]. Moscow, 2016. 84 p.
- Cherkasova, Galina. Elektronnyj respublikanskij associativnyj slovar': Komi i Tatarstan [Electronic Republican associative dictionary: Komi and Tatarstan]. Moscow, 2016. 557 p.
- The program of the PhD exam in the major10.02.21 - "Applied and mathematical linguistics" (Web document)
- Dmitry Kolomatsky. Website of the Institute of Linguistics of the Russian Academy of Sciences – 2011 (Web document)
- A new upgraded version of the Knowledge Base of the Russian Academy of Sciences Institute of Linguistics Database "Languages of the world" – a unique software tool for typological, comparative, quantitative, qualitative and applied linguistic research (2014 Report; 2015 Report)
- Status of the database "Languages of the world" on 01.03.2015: current, ideal
- “Languages of the World” database 4.0 (beta, 08.10.2020)
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