В рамках проводимого НИУ ВШЭ онлайн-курса по нахско-дагестанским языкам с лекцией “Complementation in East Caucasian languages” выступила старший научный сотрудник Лаборатории исследования и сохранения малых языков Наталья Вадимовна Сердобольская.
The systems of complement clauses of East Caucasian languages present interesting issues both in their syntax and semantics. They exhibit a number of puzzling structures that are challenging from the theoretical point of view: non-finite clauses where all the arguments are encoded in the same way as in independent sentences, backward control, long-distance reflexive pronouns, long-distance agreement in complement clauses.
The complementation systems of East Caucasian languages also differ from those of Slavic and Germanic with respect to the semantic distribution of complementation strategies. In particular, East Caucasian languages seem to have a strong preference toward encoding factive clauses by dedicated markers or constructions. Indirect questions show cross-linguistically rare polysemy patterns.