В рамках проводимого НИУ ВШЭ онлайн-курса по нахско-дагестанским языкам с лекцией “The verb in East Caucasian languages” выступил старший научный сотрудник отдела кавказских языков Тимур Анатольевич Майсак.
Although it is mostly the nominal paradigm of East Caucasian that has garnered wide acclaim, the verbal systems can also be very rich. The size of verbal paradigms and grammatical distinctions encoded by verb forms can differ widely from one language to another. On average, however, the verbal morphology of East Caucasian languages is relatively simple compared to that of Northwest Caucasian and Kartvelian languages. In this talk I will discuss the morphological make-up of verbal lexemes (in particular, the distinction between simplex and complex verbs) and the main principles of verbal inflection, including periphrastic verb forms. I will overview the most typical inventories of indicative, non-indicative and non-finite forms and the verbal categories which are expressed by them.
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