11-е заседание Центра межкультурных исследований им. А.А. Леонтьева

13 декабря 2018 года в 17:30 состоится одиннадцатое заседание Центра межкультурных исследований им. А.А. Леонтьева.

С докладом «Historical Development of Human Cognition» выступит Альфредо Ардила (Сеченовский университет, Москва).

Заседание пройдет в конференц-зале Института языкознания РАН. Приглашаются все желающие. Для участия в заседании просим зарегистрироваться по этой ссылке.
 

Аннотация
 

A brief overview of the book “Historical Development of Human Cognition” (Ardila, 2018) will be presented. Initially it will be emphasized that contemporary man (Homo sapiens) has lived on the earth since approximately 200 thousand years ago. During this timethe brain’ s structure has barely changed. Consequently, recent human evolutionrepresents a cultural evolution, which is not based on neuroanatomical changes, butrather on the development of certain cultural products. it is easy to conclude that humanbrain adaptation was accomplished to survive in Stone Age life conditions (representingover 95% of human history) more so than in conditions existing nowadays. Basiccognitive abilities existing in the Homo sapiens 200 housand years ago, and supportinghuman contemporary complex cognition can be regarded as “preadaptations”. Someexamples of “preadaptations” are examined. Two examples of cultural evolution arediscussed: (1) Origins of calculation abilities, and (2) Origins of writing. Calculation ability represents a particularly complex cognitive process. It has beenproposed to represent a multifactor skill, including verbal, spatial, somatic, memory,and executive function abilities. Different levels of numerical knowledge can bedistinguished, from global quantification to arithmetic. Numerical abilities are based onfinger knowledge and the use of spatial relations in language. Numerical abilities havebeen related to the activity of a quite specific brain area: the left intraparietal sulcus. Initially writing (or rather, prewriting) was a visuoconstructive ability (i.e., representingexternal elements visually), and only later did it become an ideomotor praxis ability (i.e., making certain learned and fixed sequences of movements with the hand to create apictogram— a standardized representation of external elements). Still later, after writingbecame an ideomotor praxis ability, it became a linguistic ability (i.e., associating thepictogram with a word, and further analyzing the word in its constituting sounds). Thus, it can be proposed that writing is based in three different abilities: visuoconstructive, praxic, and linguistic. It is not surprising that three different types of writing disturbancesare observed in cases of brain pathology.

 

Примечание: НОЦ им. А.А. Леонтьева не выдает дипломы и сертификаты слушателям докладов и не имеет отношения к платным услугам портала Timepad.